Did you know that the primary source of all energy on earth is the sun? It is the sun which provides us with light and keeps us warm, in fact the waves and wind are examples of indirect solar energy. The fruits and vegetables that we eat come from plants which prepare them with the help of sunlight through a process called photosynthesis. Hence we see that solar energy is highly useful and the good news is that even we can use this energy and convert it into a form which is required by us in order to fulfill our needs.
In order to convert solar energy into electricity, we need to harness solar energy first and this can be done by solar panels. But before harnessing we need to first understand solar energy thoroughly. Solar energy is basically a form of energy which consists of heat and light. Since light travels at a very high speed, therefore a tiny bit of it can produce a huge amount of energy and that is why solar energy is so efficient.
In order to convert energy from one form to another, we need something known as a transducer and in this case, solar panels perform the role thus helping to transform solar energy into electrical energy. Solar panels basically comprises of solar cells or photovoltaic cells which are semi-conductors. These possess electrical transmission properties and are constructed with many sheets of doped silicon which is the main element of the sand present in beach. Impurities such as phosphorus are also included in order to permit the electrons to flow. When the solar energy (kinetic energy) hits these photovoltaic cells, the electrons starts flowing and these can be collected by a pair of wires which can create DC or direct current, just like a battery.
In order to convert solar energy into electricity at home, you will need to install solar panels in an unobstructed area where it can freely receive sunlight and the rooftop is best suited for this purpose. If you require any help regarding the installation of these solar panels then you can contact your local solar contractor or the local utility.
It is also advisable to purchase an inverter and install it. It is the inverter which carries out the function of converting the solar energy into electrical energy for the purpose of powering the appliances. This way, you will be able to harness solar power easily and convert it into electricity.